Anne Frank’s household tried fleeing to the US and Cuba, analysis says


New joint research by the Anne Frank Home and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum signifies the household utilized for American visas twice and Anne’s father, Otto Frank, utilized for a Cuban visa. However these efforts have been undermined by suspicious and skeptical immigration officers, wartime occasions and limitless bureaucratic hurdles right here and in Europe.

“I’m compelled to look out for emigration and so far as I can see the USA is the one nation we might go to,” Otto Frank wrote in a letter to a good friend dwelling in New York.

Anne was 13 when she went into hiding from the Nazis along with her household within the “Secret Annex,” a hidden enclave behind her father’s former workplace in Amsterdam, Netherlands. After her household was arrested by the German secret police in 1944, she was taken to a focus camp in Bergen-Belsen, the place she died shortly earlier than the tip of World Struggle II.

She stored a diary all through her time in hiding, and after her dying, her father printed it in 1947. The e book stays one of many world’s best-read, and it reworked a younger lady who had perished within the Holocaust right into a potent image. An English model, The Diary of a Younger Lady, was issued in 1952.

Based mostly on new paperwork and interviews, the museums’ historians stated the household seems to have collected quite a few paperwork round 1938 and filed visa purposes on the US consulate in Rotterdam, Netherlands — the one one within the nation issuing visas.

However the consulate was destroyed in 1940 throughout a German bombardment because the household waited for a solution.

When the consulate reopened, the household was not denied entry to the US. As a substitute, new findings present their software was by no means processed, historians stated.

Otto Frank began anew to gather the paperwork wanted for his or her visas and even requested his good friend within the US for assist to hurry the method however as soon as once more, the conflict intervened and his effort was interrupted.

With the German invasion of western Europe, purposes spiked. Immigration guidelines grew to become stricter and eventually the American consulate within the Netherlands in addition to these in German-occupied Europe have been closed in retaliation for the US closing German diplomatic places of work. What’s extra, American public opinion was not in favor of extra immigrants, notably from Germany. This stemmed partly from suspicion of spy infiltration.

Otto Frank then turned his consideration to Cuba, the place he hoped to make use of admission to the island as a “leaping board to america,” the brand new report says.

That software was later canceled, 4 days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

“These in search of to flee Nazi persecution in Europe, just like the households of Otto Frank and Hermann van Pels, needed to clear the identical bureaucratic hurdles as different immigrants,” the historians wrote.

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