Anti-Semitism in Europe: CNN unique ballot

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CNN ballot: Anti-Semitism in Europe

Anti-Semitic stereotypes are alive and nicely in Europe, whereas the reminiscence of the Holocaust is beginning to fade, a sweeping new survey by CNN reveals. Greater than 1 / 4 of Europeans polled consider Jews have an excessive amount of affect in enterprise and finance. Practically one in 4 mentioned Jews have an excessive amount of affect in battle and wars the world over.

One in 5 mentioned they’ve an excessive amount of affect within the media and the identical quantity consider they’ve an excessive amount of affect in politics.

In the meantime, a 3rd of Europeans within the ballot mentioned they knew just a bit or nothing in any respect in regards to the Holocaust, the mass homicide of some six million Jews in lands managed by Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime within the 1930s and 1940s.

These are among the many key findings of a survey carried out by pollster ComRes for CNN. The CNN/ComRes ballot interviewed greater than 7,000 individuals throughout Europe, with greater than 1,000 respondents every in Austria, France, Germany, Nice Britain, Hungary, Poland and Sweden.

Map of European nations surveyed in unique CNN ballot

The ballot was commissioned and accomplished earlier than the killing of 11 individuals at a synagogue in Pittsburgh — the deadliest ever assault on the Jewish neighborhood in america.

The ballot uncovered difficult, contrasting and generally disturbing attitudes about Jews, and a few startling ignorance.

About one European in 20 within the nations CNN surveyed has by no means heard of the Holocaust, regardless that it’s lower than 75 years because the finish of World Battle II, and there are nonetheless tens of 1000’s of Holocaust survivors alive right now.

Lack of Holocaust data is especially putting amongst younger individuals in France: One out of 5 individuals there between the ages of 18 and 34 mentioned they’d by no means heard of it.

A 3rd of Europeans mentioned that Jews use the Holocaust to advance their very own positions or objectives.

In Austria — the nation the place Hitler was born — 12% of younger individuals mentioned they’d by no means heard of the Holocaust. Austria additionally had the best variety of individuals within the survey saying they knew “just a bit” in regards to the Holocaust. 4 out of 10 Austrian adults mentioned that.

Throughout Europe, half of respondents mentioned they know “a good quantity” in regards to the Holocaust, whereas just one out of 5 individuals mentioned they know “an amazing deal.”

(Individuals don’t fare any higher: A survey carried out on behalf of the Claims Conference earlier this year discovered that 10% of American adults weren’t positive they’d ever heard of the Holocaust, rising to 1 in 5 millennials. Half of all millennials couldn’t identify a single focus camp, and 45% of all American adults failed to take action.)

About one European in 20 has by no means heard of the Holocaust

4 out of 10 Austrian adults mentioned they  knew “just a bit” in regards to the Holocaust

One out of 5 individuals in France between the ages of 18 and 34 mentioned they’ve by no means heard of the Holocaust

However Europeans do consider you will need to hold the reminiscence of the Holocaust alive.

Two-thirds of Europeans mentioned that commemorating the Holocaust helps be sure that such atrocities won’t ever occur once more. That determine rises to 80% in Poland, the place the Nazis established Auschwitz, the deadliest focus camp of all.

Half of Europeans mentioned commemorating the Holocaust helps combat anti-Semitism right now.

However on the similar time, a 3rd of Europeans mentioned that Jews use the Holocaust to advance their very own positions or objectives. The identical quantity disagreed and practically a 3rd of respondents expressed no opinion.

Attitudes sharpened with regards to the connection between the Holocaust, Israel, Jews and anti-Semitism.

A slight however strong majority of Europeans — 54% — mentioned Israel has the appropriate to exist as a Jewish state, with the determine rising to two-thirds in Poland.

A 3rd of survey respondents consider that criticism of Israel tends to be motivated by anti-Semitism, whereas just one in 5 mentioned it doesn’t.

Practically one in 5 mentioned anti-Semitism of their nations was a response to the on a regular basis habits of Jewish individuals.

Nevertheless, a 3rd of individuals CNN surveyed mentioned that Israel makes use of the Holocaust to justify its actions, with half the respondents in Poland agreeing. Just one in 5 disagreed.

A 3rd of Europeans mentioned supporters of Israel use accusations of anti-Semitism to close down criticism of Israel, whereas just one in 10 mentioned that was not true.

A 3rd of Europeans mentioned commemorating the Holocaust distracts from different atrocities right now, with greater than common numbers of Germans, Austrians, Poles and Hungarians stating that.

A 3rd of individuals we surveyed mentioned that Israel makes use of the Holocaust to justify its actions

35%

with About half of individuals in Poland agreeing

A 3rd of Europeans mentioned supporters of Israel use accusations of anti-Semitism to close down criticism

35%

and just one in 10 mentioned that this was not true

A 3rd of Europeans mentioned commemorating the Holocaust distracts from different atrocities right now

31%

with greater than common numbers of Germans, Austrians, Poles and Hungarians believing it

And whereas many individuals mentioned anti-Semitism is a rising downside of their nations — to the extent that 40% mentioned Jews have been susceptible to racist violence of their nations and half mentioned their governments ought to do extra to combat anti-Semitism — substantial minorities blamed Israel or Jews themselves for anti-Semitism.

Greater than 1 / 4 of respondents (28%) mentioned most anti-Semitism of their nations was a response to the actions of the state of Israel.

And practically one in 5 (18%) mentioned anti-Semitism of their nations was a response to the on a regular basis habits of Jewish individuals.

Few individuals mentioned they personally have an unfavorable perspective towards Jews. Throughout the seven nations within the survey, one in 10 individuals mentioned they did — though the determine rises to 15% in Poland and 19% — about one in 5 — in Hungary.

In each nation polled besides Hungary, considerably extra individuals mentioned they’d a good opinion of Jews than an unfavorable one. (In Hungary, favorable topped unfavorable 21% to 19%, with the remaining saying they’d neither a good nor unfavorable view.)

The ballot additionally put a highlight on European attitudes towards different minorities.

Whereas 10% of Europeans admitted they’d unfavorable views of Jews, 16% mentioned they’d unfavourable views of LGBT+ individuals, 36% mentioned they’d unfavorable views of immigrants, 37% mentioned that about Muslims, and 39% mentioned it of Romani individuals.

One out of three individuals mentioned Jews have been too influential in political affairs around the globe

About one in 5 individuals in Austria, France and Germany mentioned Jews had an excessive amount of affect in media

About one in 4 individuals in in Austria, France and Germany mentioned Jews had an excessive amount of affect on wars and conflicts

However whereas the variety of Europeans brazenly admitting unfavourable attitudes in direction of Jews was comparatively low, CNN questions on whether or not conventional anti-Semitic stereotypes nonetheless resonate throughout the continent discovered clear proof that they do.

In Poland and Hungary, about 4 out of 10 individuals mentioned Jews have an excessive amount of affect in enterprise and finance around the globe.

Roughly one out of three individuals there mentioned Jews have been too influential in political affairs around the globe, and greater than 1 / 4 of Poles and Hungarians mentioned they’d an excessive amount of affect on the media.

A 3rd of Austrians mentioned Jews have an excessive amount of affect in finance, whereas 1 / 4 of French and German respondents mentioned so.

About one in 5 individuals in all three nations mentioned Jews had an excessive amount of affect in media, and 1 / 4 mentioned they’d an excessive amount of affect on wars and conflicts.

The assumption in Jewish energy runs in parallel with huge overestimates of the variety of Jews on the planet.

About two-thirds of the respondents within the survey guessed too excessive when requested what proportion of the world is Jewish, and comparable numbers acquired the reply improper for their very own nations.

1 / 4 of Hungarians estimated that the world is greater than 20% Jewish, and a fifth of British and Polish respondents mentioned so.

They have been off by an element of 100. About 0.2% of the world’s inhabitants is Jewish, in line with the Pew Analysis Heart’s International Spiritual Panorama research.

1 / 4 of Hungarians estimated that the world is greater than 20% Jewish

A fifth of British and Polish had the identical response.

They have been off by an element of 100. About 0.2% of the world’s inhabitants is Jewish, in line with the Pew Analysis Heart’s International Spiritual Panorama research.

4 out of ten respondents within the survey thought their very own nations have been between 3% and 10% Jewish. In reality, Israel is the one nation on the planet the place greater than 2% of the inhabitants is Jewish.

The overestimates got here at the same time as majorities or near-majorities in each nation CNN polled mentioned they weren’t conscious of ever having met a Jewish individual. Two-thirds of Germans, Austrians and Poles mentioned they didn’t assume they’d ever socialized with a Jew, whereas about half of individuals in Britain, France, Hungary and Austria mentioned the identical.

ComRes interviewed 7,092 adults on-line in seven nations between September 7 and September 20 2018 (Nice Britain, 1010; France, 1006; Germany, 1012; Poland, 1020; Hungary, 1019; Sweden 1018; Austria, 1007). Knowledge was weighted to be consultant of every nation based mostly on age, gender and area.



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