A lot in regards to the Mumbai tragedy was traumatic — from its excruciatingly lengthy period and merciless fixation on gentle targets, to its ruthless effectivity and chillingly novel strategy. Some Indians describe it as their 9/11.
One decade later, the Mumbai assaults proceed to solid a protracted shadow over India — and the world.
The negotiations targeted on Kashmir — the territorial dispute on the coronary heart of India-Pakistan tensions.
Moreover, the Mumbai assaults intensified the anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistan rhetoric typically heard in India throughout electoral campaigns — and which the present ruling celebration, the Hindu nationalist BJP, might use to rally its base upfront of elections subsequent 12 months.
Mumbai additionally uncovered India’s sea-based safety vulnerabilities, prompting New Delhi to step up maritime safety enhancements that now represent a significant element of its general army modernization effort.
These maritime modernization efforts do not solely tackle sea-based safety vulnerabilities. Additionally they assist additional two key Indian strategic targets: Protecting tempo with rival China’s rising maritime energy, and pursuing and defending sea-based vitality property.
In 2013, militants stormed a shopping center in Nairobi and bombers focused the Boston Marathon. In 2015, gunmen besieged a live performance corridor, a sports activities stadium, and eating places in Paris. And in 2016, assailants attacked the airport and a metro station in Brussels, and jihadists attacked a restaurant in Dhaka. Moreover, potential Mumbai-style assaults in Copenhagen and Madrid have been foiled in 2009 and 2015, respectively.
Nonetheless, anticipating Mumbai-inspired assaults does not imply they’re going to be averted, and particularly after they contain easy weaponry and might exploit the open entry afforded by main cities within the West and past.
Maybe the largest legacy of Mumbai is obvious concern. Regardless of the place in a metropolis one could also be — enjoyable on the seashore, taking in a ball recreation or live performance, strolling on a downtown boulevard, sitting in a café, arriving on the airport — you may by no means assume you are secure. Within the post-Mumbai period, these venues have all been attacked — and may very well be once more.
Fortuitously, al-Qaeda and particularly ISIS, essentially the most potent practitioners of those Mumbai-modeled assaults, have change into shadows of their former selves. Nonetheless, any ragtag group of unaffiliated radicals can simply muster the capability to wreak havoc with handguns, crude bombs, and even automobiles — and in cities removed from the one which spawned such a tragic precedent 10 years in the past.