US Open: Rule change tries hold gamers cool in ‘nightmare’ warmth

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The coverage allowed males to take a 10-minute break between the third and fourth units if a participant requested it. The rule has beforehand allowed gamers within the Girls’s Tennis Affiliation Tour to take a 10-minute break after the second set. The USTA has urged fans to take precautions when coping with the warmth as properly, encouraging them to remain hydrated, apply sunscreen and search shade.

“I do not imagine that we’ll have a concrete, written coverage, if you’ll, on the intense warmth for the lads till after this US Open as we see what is going on,” Chris Widmaier, managing director of company communications for USTA, mentioned in an announcement. “We can be doing this on a case-by-case foundation.”

The Northeast has endured a heatwave this week. At the US Tennis Affiliation Billie Jean King Nationwide Tennis Heart Flushing, New York, excessive temperatures reached 97 and 98. Sometimes, the world averages at some point at 95 levels or above throughout August, and solely 4 days a yr which can be 95 levels or hotter.

New York stays underneath a warmth advisory Thursday, though in the present day would be the final day with highs close to or above 90 levels. Warmth advisories are issued when the mix of warmth and humidity make temperatures really feel like they’re approaching 100 levels for 2 or extra days, or 100 levels or extra for any size of time, in response to the Nationwide Climate Service. The Occupational Security and Well being Administration recommends scheduling frequent relaxation breaks in shaded or air-conditioned environments. Friday will see temperatures again down within the mid-70s.

Exerting your self in such excessive temperatures can result in heat-related sicknesses, like warmth stroke — which might be lethal.

5 gamers retired as a result of warmth on Tuesday. Alize Cornet, from France, instructed the on-court physician she wanted to vomit and felt ache in her head and bones. Cornet mentioned the situations had been a “nightmare.”
Novak Djokovic said he was "survival mode" for most of his second-round match, played in scorching heat and humidity at the US Open in New York.

“I feel we must always have a warmth rule, it isn’t wholesome to be on the market getting dizzy and stuff and the poor ball children on the market,” mentioned Australian Nick Kyrgios. “There ought to undoubtedly be a warmth rule checked out and put into place.”

However not all the gamers felt that manner.

Novak Djokovic enjoys 'magnificent' ice bath as US Open players wilt in heat

“There’s actually nothing you are able to do however attempt to hydrate the perfect you’ll be able to so your physique is holding onto the water and you are not letting the water exit so quick,” Venus Williams mentioned. “That is what results in cramps and it is undoubtedly not straightforward on the market. So the factor that makes it honest, although, is each single particular person is taking part in in it.”

On courtroom Tuesday after defeating Marton Fucsovics, Novak Djokovic mentioned, “I need to thank the US Open for permitting us to have the 10-minute break, as a result of we each wanted it.

“We had been bare subsequent to one another within the ice baths after battling for 3 units, and it was a powerful feeling, I need to say.”

Ice baths are one of the best ways to decrease core temperatures, mentioned Dr. James Winger, Loyola Drugs sports activities drugs doctor. In 10 minutes, the gamers might anticipate their core temperature to go down by one diploma Celsius.

How heat stroke kills
In February, a panel of nationwide consultants in emergency and sports activities drugs was organized by the Korey Stringer Institute to establish the best practices in addressing warmth stroke in athletes. The institute was named for a Minnesota Vikings participant who died from warmth stroke throughout coaching camp.

The panel really helpful cooling athletes in a bath of chilly water on the occasion, slightly than transporting them to a hospital or one other website.

“When docs serve in sporting occasions as medical administrators and group physicians, they should be ready to chill onsite,” mentioned Dr. Jolie Holschen, affiliate professor within the division of emergency drugs at Loyola College Chicago Stritch Faculty of Drugs. “We additionally need to give emergency medical providers the leeway to chill the affected person earlier than transport, when superior cooling strategies can be found. EMS administrators ought to construct this into their protocols and customary working procedures.”

Mikhail Youzhny of Russia struggled with heat exhaustion during a match at the US Open.

Avoiding heat-related sicknesses

The warning indicators of impending warmth sickness embrace excessive physique temperature, a quick robust pulse or pores and skin that’s scorching, pink, dry or damp, in response to the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention. Signs embrace headache, dizziness, nausea, feeling confused or passing out.

There are two varieties of heat stroke. “One is named exertional warmth stroke,” mentioned Dr. Corey Slovis, a professor and chair of emergency drugs at Vanderbilt College Medical Heart. This generally impacts athletes, equivalent to soccer gamers or street racers in a decent pack. They train strenuously and their our bodies cannot dissipate the warmth quick sufficient.
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“Extra generally, and what was seen on this case is the basic warmth stroke — passive warmth stroke — the place individuals develop into more and more dehydrated,” mentioned Slovis.

“We usually do away with extra physique warmth by sweating and we evaporate and we lose warmth through evaporation,” mentioned Slovis. With dehydration, although, we “lose the flexibility to sweat, the physique loses the flexibility to do away with warmth, and so physique temperature quickly rises.”

However what about athletes? How can they deal with the warmth when taking part in one thing cardio-intensive like tennis?

“Extremely conditioned athletes are the final individuals who we might assume may endure results from the excessive temperatures and humidity,” mentioned Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency doctor at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York Metropolis.

“However they’re in danger as properly when the warmth index rises. Holding forward of their thirst is the important thing, not simply ingesting after they really feel thirsty,” he mentioned. “Taking breaks is crucial when intensely exercising within the warmth for multiple hour. This contains relaxation, discovering shade from the solar, and ingesting water combined with sugar and electrolytes. Salty pretzels, fruit and nuts are at all times a very good possibility if you do not have entry to a drink with sugar and electrolytes.”

Slovis doesn’t imagine taking part in within the warmth is well worth the threat.

Young athletes should stay hydrated, but too much water can be deadly

“My bias is that it’s foolish to play in 100 diploma temperatures,” he mentioned. “The danger of warmth stroke, collapse on the courtroom, acute kidney harm and a severe fall as one collapses from the warmth are simply not price it. Why not postpone for just a few days, play solely at evening or play in closed air conditioned stadiums when out there?”

Slovis additionally famous that the venue for the Australian Open in Melbourne can shut the roof for warmth, however not the venue for the US Open.

Not being acclimatized to the warmth and humidity of the world could be the largest difficulty for tennis gamers, mentioned Winger, the Loyola Drugs sports activities drugs doctor. Some are used to coaching or taking part in tournaments in these situations, nevertheless it may very well be a shock to others.

Tennis gamers are at a excessive threat for creating excessive inside temperatures and may take note of how they’re feeling. Winger additionally warned that overhydration can not save somebody from warmth sickness.

Winger has suggested marathon runners prior to now to drag again if they begin feeling unwell, nevertheless it’s completely different in head-to-head competitors.

“Simply perceive that you simply will be unable to carry out to similar degree in excessive warmth as with out excessive warmth,” Winger mentioned.

Danielle Rossingh, Susan Scutti, Brandon Miller and Judson Jones contributed to this report.



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